A watt which measures laptop power is a unit of measurement for power. This particular unit could measure power, or capacity to do work. Watt’s law states that one watt (1W) is how much power is in an electrical circuit where one ampere (1A), or amp, of current flows across a difference of one volt (1V). AC adapters convert electricity in alternating current form from one voltage to another. If you are looking at two AC adapters that both convert, say, 120V AC to 12V AC, it can be confusing to see different wattage ratings (such as 65W vs. 90W) for the two adapters.
An AC adapter with a rating of 90 watts with an output of 12 volts AC will have a maximum electrical current output of 7.5 amps (12V x 7.5A = 90W). Therefore, an AC adapter with a higher power rating (measured in watts) will be able to supply more current to a device it’s connected to.
While an AC adapter with a higher power rating will allow for faster battery charging times and increased electrical loads, an AC adapter with a lower power rating may suffice, especially where there is a concern about excess heat or higher cost, for example, HP pavilion DV6 AC Adapter, it has two versions: DV6 65Watt AC adapter and DV6 90Watt AC adapter, abd the higher power adapter is better than the 65Watt at sometimes, users who like playing games or some sofeware which need much power to support to run will need the more powerful version.
Similarly, since the power rating is considered to be a “maximum allowable power” indication, an AC adapter may be used to power devices that are rated at or below their power rating. If a device requires 12V and 3A (36W), either the 65W or 90W power supply may be used to power it.
Cost may also be a factor. Usually, since AC adapters with a higher power rating must be capable of delivering more electrical current for the same amount of voltage, the components required to assemble an AC adapter must be more robust than that of a lower-power-rated AC adapter.
AC adapters with higher power ratings also give off more heat than adapters with lower power ratings. If excess heat is a consideration, an adapter with a higher power rating may not be suitable for the application.